Autism

What is Autism?

Autism is defined by the Autism Society Of America (ASA) as "a complex developmental disability that typically appears during the first three years of life and is the result of a neurological disorder that affects the normal functioning of the brain, impacting development in the areas of social interaction and communication skills. Both children and adults with autism typically show difficulties in verbal and non-verbal communication, social interactions, and leisure or play activities".

Autism is one of five disorders that falls under the umbrella of Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDD), a category of neurological disorders characterized by "severe and pervasive impairment in several areas of development".

Diagnosis

Autistic Disorder
As stated above, and defined by the Autism Society of America (ASA), "Autism is a complex developmental disability that typically appears during the first three years of life and is the result of a neurological disorder that affects the normal functioning of the brain, impacting development in the areas of social interaction and communication skills. Both children and adults with autism typically show difficulties in verbal and non-verbal communication, social interactions, and leisure or play activities".

Autism is one of five disorders that falls under the umbrella of Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDD), a category of neurological disorders characterized by "severe and pervasive impairment in several areas of development."

Pervasive Development Disorder (PDD)
Also called "Atypical Autism". Children with this disorder have many of the same characteristics of Autism, but not all the criteria associated with Autism.

Asperger Disorder
Children with this disorder do not have the usual language barriers associated with Autism and are generally very intelligent. However, they do tend to struggle with social interactions, and can fixate on a particular object or subject they take an interest in, and talk about it constantly.

Author, tomzz. (2008, September 11). Definition of Autism [Blog post]. Retrieved from http://www.definitionofautism.com

Treatments

• Verbal Behavior Therapy

• Relationship Development Intervention (RDI)

• ABA (Applied Behavior Analysis) Therapy

• Multidisciplinary approach including one or more of the above treatments combined with Speech; Occupational and Physical Therapy.

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